Tours that take the strain out of enjoying Europe’s flora and fauna! Based in just a couple of good quality hotels, with direct flights, and these at kind times of day! And most importantly field trips will be kept to a maximum of six or so hours giving you plenty of time to relax before and after. Direct flights are available from some regional airports.
It would be difficult to find a flowerier place in the entire Mediterranean than the Datça Peninsula. What for much of the year is a forbiddingly barren-looking mountainous peninsula erupts into spectacular bloom in April and May. The combination of multi-hued Cistus bushes, bushes of blue Lithodora, neat mounds of flowering Euphorbias, great splashes of pink Convolvulus and the architectural Giant Fennels is mind-boggling. Looking closer there’s so much more. The gorgeous deep pink-lilac Iberis pruitii grows on bare tracks looking someone’s dropped packets of sweets as they’ve walked, and there’s little mounds of the very woolly Convolvulus compactus. Orchids are everywhere, in particular bee orchids, and Datça has many species of them – Ophrys candica, Ophrys minoa, Ophrys episcopalis and Ophrys ferrum-equinum subspecies mandalyana are some of the finest.
Serapias cordigera showers the open pinewoods with deep brick-coloured blooms and here they occur in unusual forms too with flowers often wholly or partly lime-green. These same pinewoods are home to a population of Caracal – we’ll go and look in the evening though chances are very slim, however we’ve a very good chance of seeing Wild Boar, Stone Marten and several owl species – Barn, Tawny, Long-eared and Scop’s Owls are all likely.
The wild and rugged Datça Peninsula is barely 80 kilometres from the modern tourist resorts around Marmaris yet it has managed to remain largely unspoilt and undeveloped into the 21st century. Much of the peninsula is protected as a national park that was set up more than fifty years ago initially to protect the last Western Anatolian population of Leopard. None have been seen for around fifteen years now however there are still Brown Bears and Wolves here and very many Ibex. We’ll surely see the latter – posing on the limestone ramparts of Boz Dagi. This high rugged mountain has impressive cliffs on which breed various raptors including Bonelli’s Eagles, Peregrine and Lanner Falcon and the northern slopes, almost completely uninhabited are clothed is some of the richest lushest maquis in Turkey. Ruppell’s Warblers and Bonelli’s Warblers are everywhere. We’ll be based just outside the lovely little town of Datça close to this mountain and just 35 kilometres from the Knidos, a remarkable archaeological site at the tip of the peninsula. Cory’s Shearwaters and Audouin’s Gulls are offshore along with Bottle-nosed Dolphins.
Pammukkale needs little introduction, images of the fabulous aquamarine travertine terraces that cascade down the mountainside near Denizli are featured everywhere that talks of Turkey. The ancient Greco-Roman city of Hieropolis was built above the remarkable terraces. Nearby rises Honaz Dağı, an impressive mountain at over 8350 feet (2570m) and which has a very different flora and fauna to the Datça Peninsula. Here we can find clumps of yellow Iris suaveolens and the unusual yellow Moltkia aurea whilst birds include Cretzschmarr’s Buntings, Short-toed Eagles and Woodlark.
Kaş, our base for much of the second week, is a veritable playground for the naturalist with a wonderful range of flora and fauna, superb landscapes, fine marine life and with the comfort of a particularly lovely hotel and a wide choice of great restaurants to enjoy, it makes the perfect base for a wildlife at leisure tour.
Kaş’s narrow streets are lined with tempting little shops, cafes, bars and restaurants as the town rises up from its picturesque harbour. Past the amphitheatre a road takes us out to the flower-filled Peninsula, now the domain of beautiful villas and hotels, yet only forty-five years ago this entire coast didn’t have a single tarmac road! Our lovely hotel nestles amongst garrigue rich in flowers and loaded with aromatic herbs attracting abundant butterflies such as Southern and Scarce Swallowtails, Blue-spot Hairstreaks and the strikingly brilliant Loew’s Blue. Colourful Bee-eaters are migrating past as well as Hoopoes and Rollers. Kaş has perhaps the richest orchid flora in Turkey and we’ll see many fine species including Holy Orchid, Spurred Helleborine and Violet Limodore. Bee orchids are tremendously varied and we’ll see Ophrys lyciensis, Ophrys phaseliana, Ophrys reinholdii, Ophrys episcopalis and even the chlorantha form of Bee Orchid. The stunning Komper’s Orchid will be much enjoyed and we’ll hope that Kas’s own endemic orchid, Ophrys lycica, will still be in flower.
Green Turtles swim just offshore of the hotel and are common in these coastal waters. Andriake’s wetland though small has a huge list of birds and we’ll see a range of waders, egrets and herons, ducks, and migrant passerines. From the harbour here we’ll take a boat trip through the islands off Kekova marvelling at the underwater archaeology and searching for both Green Turtles and Loggerheads, both of which are quite common here at this time of year. You’ll have the chance to snorkel at a couple of localities on this boast trip (and from your hotel) and the range of fish is quite good with shoals of long thin Cornetfish, lots of colourful Wrasse, notably the exquisite Ornate Wrasse, and a decent chance of seeing Octopus and Squid, and of course, the turtles.
Just a few kilometres as the Eleonora’s Falcon flies the land rises sharply to over a thousand metres and here we’ll wander in cool Cedar Forests where Irises still bloom alongside the red goblets of Tulipa armena, Paeonias, the newly described Campanula aktasii and lovely Silene cryptoneura. The lovely little Krüper’s Nuthatch is common alongside Short-toed Eagles, various woodpeckers and Goshawks. Inland further and we’ll explore the high Sinekçibeli Pass where Eastern Festoons, Powdered Brimstones and False Apollos still fly. The highest mountain in the region, the imposing 3000m Ak Dağı has a road that will take us up in to its serenely beautiful yaylas, summer pastures around small deep green lakes, where fresh cold water still flows strongly from melting snows before plunging down an impressive waterfall. We’ll encounter abundant Fritillaria pinardii, elegant Fritillaria whitallii, and huge clumps of Aubrietia that would make even Bakewell purple with envy! Snowfinches feed around snowpatches where abundant Merendera attica and Scilla bifolia bloom and Red-fronted Serins, Finsch’s Wheatears and Cretzschmarr’s Buntings are amongst a birdlife redolent of areas farther to the east. If spring is early rocks are decorated with the large blue saucers of Omphalodes luciliae and on the slopes are Muscari bourgaei, if its late then slopes will still be carpeted with the endemic Crocus akdaghensis, blue Anemone blanda and lovely Corydalis erdelii.
Flowers, Birds and Butterflies. Pammukkale. Also Archaeological Sites, Reptiles, and Rural Turkey.
Very gentle, just two or three miles a day, and always at a slow pace, ideally suited to photography.
Included in the Price
All flights. All transport, accommodation and meals in Turkey. Services of your leaders. Please note: drinks, tips, the Turkish Entry Visa, and items of a personal nature, including insurance, are not included.
One leader for a group of up to 8, two leaders up to the maximum group size of 15.
We start with two nights at the Melrose House Hotel in Pammukkale, close by the famed travertine terraces. The rest of the week (5 nights) will be at the lovely Eski Datça Hotel situated in quiet Eski (Old) Datça. This small family-run hotel has very comfortable rooms and a well-stocked bar and serves very good traditional Turkish food. All rooms have en suite facilities.
In the second week we have two nights at the 3-star Hotel Tuba in Elmali, in the centre of a valley famed as one the biggest and most productive orchards in Turkey. The rest of the holiday (5 nights) will be at the lovely Olea Nova Hotel beautifully situated on the Peninsula just outside Kaş. The Hotel has comfortable rooms overlooking the bay and across to the island of Meis. There is a swimming pool and walks up and down the Peninsula’s lanes can be very productive for wildlife. Kaş’s narrow streets are lined with tempting little shops, cafes, bars and restaurants as the town rises up from its picturesque harbour. All rooms have en suite facilities.
UK direct return flights to Dalaman are available from many UK regional airports*.
*These routes may incur a supplement but most don’t.
Usually settled, sunny and warm, however even in May the odd day with showers and cooler weather is possible, and the last couple of days up in Pammukkale will be cooler at least at night.
It is possible to join this tour for the first 8 or the last 8 days. See the Datça and Kaş tour pages for further details.
A third week in Dalyan can be added to this tour - see the Dalyan or Turkish Triple page for further details.
How to Book
Contact us to check there is availability for the number of places you require. Download a booking form or contact us and we will send one to you. Complete and send to us. You will receive confirmation of your place and then a detailed information pack will be dispatched to you about twelve weeks before departure. Flower and bird checklists are available.